Central Europe is a forest area renowned for the quality of its mixed forests where beech trees are abundant thanks to the convenient fresh and calcareous soils. Conifers and miscellaneous woods are alsowell represented in the area.
The Carpathians Mountains, the second massif in Europe, stretches over eight Central European countries and covers 209,000 km ² including 53% in Romania.
Despite its medium height, the Carpathian arc has the largest unbroken forest in Europe, a real mosaic of different settings: old unexploitable and unexploited forests, forests subject to harvesting, regeneration and coppice forests, pastures.
The management plans are generally very conservative, allowing the cutting of only small quantities per hectare. Established for ten-years periods, they can be changed at the owner’s initiative in close cooperation with experts from the local administration or its own management unit to decide on a more dynamic, efficient and cost-effective management.
Overall, more than 1,500 animal species live here in the wild, including bison, deer, wild boars, chamois, elks, marmots, and many other mammals, birds, including capercaillie, fish, amphibians, insects, reptiles and molluscs.
The Romanian Carpathian Mountains, reaching the height of 2,544 m, still have about 400,000 ha of primary forests among the last ones in Europe, which, nestled in altitude and protected by almost inaccessible steep slopes,
have been able to avoid the human appetite.
There stand exceptionally old and sized trees which have a remarkable quality.
On the side of the same mountain, below these protected sanctuaries shaped as natural reserves or parks, more forests of the same vein are growing, but where human activity has appeared most often in the form of sanitation cutting.
However, this management involves experts’ assessment costs that the current owners or their heirs cannot afford,
especially after lengthy and costly process of restitution.
Since 2014, Fayswood, appointed by a local group, decided to make a commitment in this region
with EFCE to answer an increasing demand(request) regarding expertise and forest management.
A From this expertise, the selected forests, whose surfaces vary between some hundreds in several thousands hectares
are classified in forest poles according to their constitution, their quality and their value;
generally close some of the others, many of them can be gathered to realize a particularly close block, or of a same structure,
or still according to a surface requested by the buyers.
An essentially softwood area consisting in mixed forests, but overwhelmingly populated by conifers (spruce, fir, Scots pine, larch)
An area of mixed forests, more or less constituted of a same percentage of hardwood
(mostly beech, but also wild cherry, lime trees, maple, ash, hornbeam, birch) and softwood.
An area of lowland forests, mainly hardwood, whose surfaces are likely to be enlarged by land dedicated to plantations.
Woody properties, including buildings, farmlands and forests, whose surfaces vary from one to several hundred hectares.
Owning adjacent forests is a valuable asset not only in the management and development cost,
but has also a significant impact on operating and transport costs, which will result in a net profit for the owner.
The reputed know-how of several well established industries active in joinery, furniture and wooden houses products, permises to value the ligneous products at attractive prices.
These great landscapes, where traditional transhumance of horses and sheeps is an on-going activity,
are the natural habitat for the largest european population of predators including: brown bears, lynx, wolves,
wild cats and almost half of the european population of golden eagles.
During the period from 1945 to 1989, while Romania had fallen under totalitarian political regime, the State improperly nationalized all forests
belonging to individuals and legal entities, and became the sole owner of the woodlands.
The 1989 Revolution put an end to dictatorship and helped to restore Democracy as early as 1990.
The adopted law thus tries to rectify the injustices of the totalitarian system: most of the forests have been given back
or are being transferred to the rightful owners.
The percentage of private forests, whose total area has reached 6.4 million ha, is about 50%. In terms of forest management,
the communist State has proved to be a considerate forester, respectful towards the forest as a whole,
creating several high quality infrastructure (paved roads, bridges, protection against erosion ...)
to enhance and protect the resource and its access. As a sole proprietor, it has widely concentrated on preserving the capital,
did not consider economic viability through excessive farms, allowing only rare sanitation cuttings.
If logging is an important activity at the national level, which is about half the volume absorbed by the local processing and production,
due to lack of information and training, in addition to the absence of strict management,
it has not been sufficiently friendly to the exceptional environment of the country.
Although Romania has allocated 30% of its resources to protecting the soil and water,
only 5% of its total land area is devoted to biodiversity conservation.